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Common Cold, Coughing and Ear Infection in Kids

The ailments are really common in young kids. The high occurrence is the result of low immunity from pathogens and lowers resistance to fight odd cough, cold or ear infection. By the end of this blog, you’ll get to know more about the conditions and ailments that kids are more susceptible to. We are listing them here along with remedies you can use to reduce the discomfort.


For young kids, having nearly 6 or more colds a year is considered normal. The same is the result of hundreds of different cold viruses and low immunity to any of them in kids. Since they’ve never had them before and proper vaccinations also take time. Understandably, kids grow up and build up immunity and likely to get fewer colds.

To treat the cold in kids properly, antibiotics can’t help as colds are a viral illness. They get better in 5 to 7 days in kids. We are sharing a few methods on how to ease the symptoms of a cold in your kid:

  • Increase the amount of fluid and water for your kid
  • Consult with a pharmacist, doctor or early childhood nurse about saline nose drops as they can help loosen dried nasal secretions and relieve a stuffy nose
  • If your kid is suffering from a fever, pain or discomfort, taking paracetamol or ibuprofen is advised in monitored dosage
  • Kids and infant products that will state on the packet how much you should give children of different ages so parents need to carefully watch
  • Also, encourage your family to wash hands regularly to stop the cold spreading and practice good hygiene
  • Do not use nasal decongestants as they don’t help with a cold and can cause side effects such as fast heart rate, jitteriness, or insomnia

Tip: kids under the age of 6 shouldn’t have an over-the-counter cough and cold remedies, including decongestants unless advised to by a doctor or pharmacist


In kids, cough is a common symptom caused by frequent cold. Normally, even in kids, a cough gets better on its own and is not as serious as the kid continue to get antibodies from breast milk. If the kids start to feed, drink, eat and breath normally, this indicates that the vitals are strong and the kid is more likely to regain the immunity. If your kid is suffering from a cold that has led to bad cough and cold is not going away, you need to visit an expert doctor. The conditions that occur after the bad cough can be severe fairly unusual:

  • croup
  • whooping cough
  • asthma
  • pneumonia
  • swallowing a foreign object

Symptoms and signs of a more serious cause of a cough can include:

  • high temperature
  • persistent cough
  • difficulty breathing
  • the cough occurs at night
  • the kid is listless or in discomfort
  • your kid’s skin turns blue or very pale

You surely need to visit a good doctor if your kid has any of these symptoms. If your kid has trouble with breathing, immediate medical attention is required even in the middle of the night. Although it’s upsetting to hear your child cough, it helps clear away phlegm from the chest.

Sore throats

In common conditions, for the kids, the causes leading to a sore throat is either a viral illness such as the flu or persistent cold. The kids may seem to cough a lot and another indication to a sore throat can be noticed a day before cold starts which is dry throat. A small dosage of paracetamol (pain relievers) can be given to reduce the pain for kids.

Sore throats can also clear up on their own after a few days. You need to visit your doctor if your kid has trouble breathing or swallowing, is drooling more than usual, has a stiff or swollen neck or has a fever.

Ear infections

Ear infections are also common in kids and small babies. They subsequently follow a cold and sometimes cause a high temperature. A child can indicate the same by pulling or rubbing at an ear. The important thing to remember is that babies can’t always tell where the pain is coming from and may just cry and seem uncomfortable.

If your kid is indicating the sign of an earache but is otherwise well. You need to worry a lot. Just give your kid dose paracetamol or ibuprofen for 12-24 hours. Don’t put any oil, ear drops or cotton buds into your kid’s ear unless stated by your doctor. The Ear infections which were caused by viruses can’t be treated with antibiotics but they tend to get better by themselves. If you think your child may have an ear infection, make an appointment with the best doctor for your kid.

My kid is crying a lot, has a cold and cough as well! What to do?

If you suspect that your kid is suffering from cold, cough, or ear infection, you need to call an ENT clinic immediately for better medical guidance. By the time the coughing gets severe, the infant must need to be diagnosed and get medications for coughing spell. Every member of your household has to follow good hygiene to prevent the spread of this very contagious disease.

About the Author:

Dr. Siddharth Vashishtha

MBBS, M.S. | Specialist in Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeries

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